Trauma de-briefing and counselling is a form of psychotherapy that helps an individual cope with life events that negatively affect functioning and emotional status. Trauma can be caused by the loss of a loved one or divorce, for example, and counselling assists clients in coping with and mourning their loss. An empathetic therapist is key in assisting a client to make sense of experienced trauma in a non threatening therapeutic space.
Psychological trauma is a type of damage to the psyche that occurs as a result of a severely distressing event which may involve a single experience, or an enduring or repeating event or events, that completely overwhelm the individual’s ability to cope with or integrate the ideas and emotions involved with that experience. Often clients experience a sense of being overwhelmed, and even guilt, which can be delayed by weeks, years or even decades, as the person struggles to cope with the immediate circumstances.
Psychological trauma may accompany physical trauma or exist independently of it. Typical causes and dangers of psychological trauma are abuse (sexual, physical, emotional), employment discrimination, crime, bullying (including cyber-bullying), domestic violence, being the victim of an alcoholic parent, or the threat/witnessing of traumatic events. These traumatic events are often experienced in childhood, but may occur at any age.
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